Breyanzi (Lisocabtagene Maraleucel)


Recently, the discipline of oncology has experienced significant progress in cancer treatment, namely with the creation of groundbreaking immunotherapies. Lisocabtagene maraleucel, commercialized as Breyanzi, is a pioneering medication that has great potential for treating specific types of blood malignancies. This article explores the scientific basis of Breyanzi, its clinical uses, and the influence it has had on cancer treatment.

Understanding CAR T-Cell Therapy

In order to fully grasp the importance of Breyanzi, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the idea of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. CAR T-cell treatment is utilizing a patient’s immune cells, particularly T cells, and genetically altering them to enhance their ability to identify and combat cancer cells. The technique commences by isolating a patient’s T cells, which are pivotal in the body’s immune defense mechanism. Subsequently, these T cells are modified in a laboratory setting to exhibit chimeric antigen receptors on their exterior.

These receptors are specifically engineered to bind to particular antigens that are found on cancer cells. After being reintroduced into the patient’s body, these altered CAR T cells can efficiently locate and eliminate cancer cells that possess the specific antigen, providing a focused and powerful therapeutic method.

The Evolution of Breyanzi

Breyanzi, also known as lisocabtagene maraleucel, is an advanced CAR T-cell treatment created by Bristol Myers Squibb. It was explicitly developed to tackle unique problems related to previous CAR T-cell therapies. An important characteristic of Breyanzi is its composition, which consists of a certain proportion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. This adjusted formulation is designed to improve the effectiveness and longevity of the therapy.

Breyanzi specifically targets CD19, a protein that is frequently present on the outer membrane of B-cell malignancies, including specific forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to this therapy in 2021 for treating relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) that has not responded to two or more previous treatments. This includes diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified, high-grade B-cell lymphoma, and DLBCL that develops from follicular lymphoma.

Clinical Effectiveness and Trials

The approval of Breyanzi was based on the findings from the TRANSCEND NHL 001 trial, which was a multicenter phase 1/2 study that assessed the safety and effectiveness of this treatment in patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL. The experiment had promising results, with a significant percentage of patients attaining either total or partial remission after receiving therapy with Breyanzi. Furthermore, the observed results were long-lasting, indicating the possibility for sustained advantages with this treatment.

An outstanding characteristic of Breyanzi is its easily controllable safety profile. Even though CAR T-cell therapies can have some bad effects, Breyanzi has shown that severe cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurological toxicities happen much less often than they did with older CAR T-cell therapies.

Effect on Patient Care

The approval of Breyanzi signifies notable progress in the therapeutic options available for patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL. Before CAR T-cell therapies such as Breyanzi became available, patients had few therapy options and frequently experienced unfavorable outcomes. Currently, Breyanzi presents a promising opportunity and a possible remedy for people who have exhausted all traditional treatments.

Furthermore, the triumph of Breyanzi highlights the revolutionary capacity of CAR T-cell therapy as a whole. As scientists further develop and improve these treatments, there is increasing hope for their wider use in many forms of cancer.

Obstacles and Prospects for the Future

Although Breyanzi and other CAR T-cell treatments have shown encouraging outcomes, there are still obstacles to their wider implementation. These factors encompass intricate production processes, substantial expenses, and the requirement for specialized healthcare infrastructure to ensure the safe administration of these therapies.

Current research is primarily aimed in broadening the use of CAR T-cell treatments to treat other forms of cancer and enhancing its effectiveness and safety characteristics. Researchers are currently investigating combination strategies that involve combining CAR T-cell therapy with other treatments like checkpoint inhibitors or targeted medicines. The goal is to improve results for patients.


Overall, lisocabtagene maraleucel (Breyanzi) is a big step forward in the field of cancer immunotherapy, especially for people with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) who have had their cancer come back or become resistant to treatment. This innovative CAR T-cell treatment represents a promising advancement and has exhibited exceptional effectiveness in clinical trials. With the ongoing advancement of immunotherapy, Breyanzi stands out as a symbol of progress and highlights the significant capacity to utilize the immune system to effectively fight cancer.

By continuously conducting research and implementing innovative approaches, it is anticipated that treatments such as Breyanzi will consistently redefine the benchmarks for medical care and ultimately enhance the results for cancer patients globally.

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  • April 7th, 2024

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