Types of Cancer

Cancer encompasses a wide range of disorders that affect different organs and tissues in the body. Typical examples comprise breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer. Every variety displays distinct characteristics, symptoms, and treatment methods. Additional less common forms include leukemia, lymphoma, melanoma, and pancreatic cancer. Gaining a clear understanding of these differences is essential for making precise diagnoses and developing customized treatment strategies. Genetics, lifestyle choices, and exposure to environmental factors all play a role in the development of cancer. Early identification through screening and awareness campaigns is crucial in enhancing results. Current research endeavors to decipher the intricacies of many types of cancer, promoting the development of precise treatment methods and initiatives for prevention.

Below is a list of all the known types of cancer found in human beings.


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Adrenocortical Carcinoma


AIDS-Related Cancers

AIDS-Related Lymphoma

Amegakaryocytosis (Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia)

Anal Cancer

Aplastic anemia

Appendix Cancer

Astrocytomas, Childhood  Brain Cancer

Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor

Beta thalassemia 

Bile Duct Cancer

Bladder Cancer

Bone Cancer

Brain Tumor

Breast Cancer

Bronchial Tumors

Burkitt’s Lymphoma

Carcinoid Tumor (Gastrointestinal)

Carcinoma of Unknown Primary (CUP)

Cardiac Heart Tumors (Childhood)

Cancer of the Central Nervous System

Cervical Cancer

Childhood Bladder Cancer

Childhood Cancer of Unknown Primary

Childhood Cancers

Childhood Carcinoid Tumors

Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors

Childhood Cervical Cancer

Childhood chordoma

Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors

Childhood Intraocular Melanoma

Childhood Melanoma

Childhood Ovarian Cancer

Childhood Paraganglioma

Childhood Pheochromocytoma

Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma

Childhood Skin Cancer

Childhood Testicular Cancer

Childhood Vaginal Cancer

Childhood Vascular Tumors



Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia  (CLL)

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia  (CML)

Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Colorectal Cancer

Congenital Thrombocytopenia


Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Diamond-Blackfan Anemia

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)


Embryonal Tumors (Medulloblastoma)

Endodermal sinus tumor

Endometrial Cancer 


Esophageal Cancer

Essential Thrombocytosis


Ewing Sarcoma

Fanconi Anemia

Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

Gallbladder Cancer

Gastric Stomach Cancer

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Germ Cell Ovarian Cancer

Germ Cell Tumors

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease


Glioblastoma multiforme

Hairy Cell Leukemia

Head and Neck Cancer

Heart Tumors (Childhood)

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

Hepatocellular Liver Cancer

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Hurler Syndrome

Hypopharyngeal Cancer

Intraocular Melanoma

Islet Cell Tumors

Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

Kaposi Sarcoma 

Kidney Renal Cell Cancer

Krabbe Disease (GLD)

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Laryngeal Cancer 

Leukemia or Blood Cancer

Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer

Liver Cancer

Lung Cancer


Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Male Breast Cancer

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma 


Medulloblastoma and Other CNS Embryonal Tumors


Melanoma (Intraocular Eye)

Merkel Cell Carcinoma Skin Cancer

Mesothelioma (Malignant)

Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD)

Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary

Midline Tract Carcinoma With NUT Gene Changes

Mouth Cancer

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

Multiple Myeloma

Mycosis Fungoides

Myelodysplastic Syndromes


Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer

Nasopharyngeal Cancer


Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Oral Cancer

Oropharyngeal Cancer


Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors


Papillomatosis Childhood Laryngeal


Parathyroid Cancer

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)

Penile Cancer


Pituitary Tumor

Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma

Pleuropulmonary Blastoma  Lung Cancer

Polycythemia vera

Pregnancy and Breast Cancer

Primary CNS Lymphoma

Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Pure red cell aplasia

Rectal Cancer

Recurrent Cancer

Renal Cell Kidney Cancer


Rhabdoid Tumour

RhabdomyoSarcoma (Childhood  Soft Tissue Sarcoma)

Salivary Gland Cancer


Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID, all types)

Sézary Syndrome Lymphoma

Sickle cell anemia

Skin Cancer

Small Cell Lung Cancer

Small Intestine Cancer

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary

Stomach  Gastric  Cancer

T-Cell Lymphoma

Teratoid Tumour


Testicular cancer


Throat Cancer

Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma

Thyroid Cancer

Tracheobronchial Tumors  

Transitional Cell Cancer

Unusual Cancers of Childhood

Ureter and Renal Pelvis cancer

Urethral Cancer

Uterine Cancer


Vaginal Cancer

Vascular Tumors (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)

Vulvar Cancer

Wilms’ Tumor

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS)

Yolk sac tumor

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