Pembrolizumab with chemotherapy is approved by the USFDA for primary advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma

Pembrolizumab with chemotherapy is approved by the USFDA for primary advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma
The USFDA has approved Pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy for treating primary advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma. This approval is based on clinical trial data showing significant improvements in patient outcomes. Pembrolizumab, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, works by enhancing the body's immune response against cancer cells. This combination therapy offers a new and promising treatment option for patients facing this challenging and often aggressive cancer.

Share This Post

 

June 2024: Pembrolizumab (Keytruda, Merck) has been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with primary, advanced, or recurrent endometrial cancer. The treatment involves the use of pembrolizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, followed by the use of pembrolizumab alone.

The effectiveness of the treatment was assessed in a clinical experiment called KEYNOTE-868/NRG-GY018 (NCT03914612). This trial had 810 patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer and followed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. The experiment consisted of two distinct groups categorized by their mismatch repair (MMR) status: 222 patients in the mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) group, and 588 patients in the mismatch repair (pMMR) competent group. Participants were assigned randomly, in a 1:1 ratio, to one of the treatment groups listed below:

The treatment plan consists of administering pembrolizumab at a dose of 200 mg every 3 weeks, paclitaxel at a dose of 175 mg/m2, and carboplatin at a dose of AUC 5 mg/mL/min for a total of 6 cycles. This will be followed by pembrolizumab at a dose of 400 mg every 6 weeks for a maximum of 14 cycles.

The treatment regimen consists of a placebo administered every 3 weeks, paclitaxel at a dosage of 175 mg/m2, and carboplatin at a dosage of AUC 5 mg/mL/min for a total of 6 cycles. This is then followed by a placebo administered every 6 weeks for a maximum of 14 cycles. The randomization process was divided into strata based on MMR status, ECOG performance status (0 or 1 vs. 2), and prior adjuvant treatment.

The primary measure of effectiveness was progression-free survival (PFS), which was evaluated by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria. In the cohort of patients with deficient mismatch repair (dMMR), the median progression-free survival (PFS) was not reached (NR) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.7, NR) in the group receiving pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, whereas it was 6.5 months (95% CI: 6.4, 8.7) in the group receiving placebo and chemotherapy.

The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS was 0.30 (95% CI: 0.19, 0.48), indicating a significant difference between the two groups. The p-value was less than 0.0001. In the pMMR cohort, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.7, 13.5) for patients receiving pembrolizumab and chemotherapy, and 8.5 months (95% CI: 7.2, 8.8) for those receiving placebo and chemotherapy. The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS was 0.60 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.78; p-value <0.0001).

The adverse reactions observed with pembrolizumab and chemotherapy were mostly consistent with the known side effects of pembrolizumab or chemotherapy, except for a greater occurrence of rash. Refer to the prescription information for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.

The suggested dosage for pembrolizumab is 200 mg administered every 3 weeks or 400 mg every 6 weeks, unless there is evidence of disease progression, intolerable side effects, or for a maximum duration of 24 months.

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Get updates and never miss a blog from Cancerfax

More To Explore

The future of gene therapy for genetic disorders
Treatment

Unlocking the genetic code: The future of gene therapy for genetic disorders

Gene therapy has typified the revolution in medicine that gives hope to various genetic disorders. This advanced treatment stops, and sometimes even reverses, the progress of a disease by the direct repair and replacement of defective genes. Trials and ethical dilemmas aside, this talent for transformation puts gene therapy right at the threshold of new frontiers in genetic medicine where inherited diseases might be eradicated altogether someday.

Need help? Our team is ready to assist you.

We wish a speedy recovery of your dear and near one.

Start chat
We Are Online! Chat With Us!
Scan the code
Hello,

Welcome to CancerFax !

CancerFax is a pioneering platform dedicated to connecting individuals facing advanced-stage cancer with groundbreaking cell therapies like CAR T-Cell therapy, Gene therapy, TIL therapy, and clinical trials worldwide.

Let us know what we can do for you.

1) CAR T-Cell therapy
2) Gene therapy
3) Gamma-Delta T Cell therapy
4) TIL therapy
5) NK Cell therapy